School reform: learn about the benefits and see how to do it

A well thought out architectural project is essential to make a proper school renovation.

School reform is an important process for the well-being of students, teachers and other professionals. Furthermore, it can be a tool for facilitate learning, socialization and cultural formation, contributing to the development of students.

In private institutions, the importance is even greater. When a person visits the school, the assessment of the quality of teaching depends a lot on what is in front of their eyes. And Architecture is a better way to build a more positive image.

In this content, we explain what the benefits are and how to carry out a school renovation. Continue reading and understand how to add value to your customers!

The history of school architecture projects

Until the end of the first decade of the 20th century, schools were not buildings designed for educational purposes. It was studied in houses, parishes, commercial properties and other adapted buildings.

In fact, the beginning of specific projects for teaching dates back to approximately the 1910s. At that time, there was an increase in school buildings, which were adapting to architectural concepts that emerged in the following years. The modernism of the 30s and the modern architecture of the 50s are examples.

An important point in the expansion of the projected educational institutions was the creation of the public and free school system, in 1932. And, soon after, in the Constitution of 1934, education became a right of all Brazilians.

This historical process demonstrates a little of the importance of architectural projects, construction and renovation of schools. These are buildings that need to go far beyond the aesthetic aspects, always considering the functionality.

The benefits of school reform

School renovation is one of the most important activities to maintain or create an establishment prepared to optimize its purposes, such as education, coexistence, safety and well-being. We can cite several benefits of this practice.

hygiene and well-being

The buildings can be improved to be more suitable to receive students and professionals. Cleaning, lighting, temperature, reducing visual pollution, expanding spaces… these and many other aspects will impact people's well-being.

Structural organization

The school environment is designed to have routines and allow easy control what students are doing. In addition, school renovation can improve the use of spaces, expanding the school's capacity and services, such as classroom environments, leisure facilities, sports courts, cafeterias and administration.

Student accessibility

School renovation is a good time to introduce accessibility solutions, for example:

  • Standardize heights and shapes to facilitate identification by the visually impaired;
  • Insert access ramps for wheelchair users;
  • Use handrails at two heights;
  • Place signs and information in Braille.

As a result, the school environment can be more inclusive, in addition to facilitating the autonomy of parents, professionals and visitors, who are people with disabilities.

Reception and student health

The project also influences the sensations and health of the student in the school environment. People need to be comfortable playing their roles, and much of this is due to good architecture, which facilitates the work of professionals and offers a pleasant environment for students.

How to carry out a school renovation

Each school renovation will be a unique project. This is because the architect receives the property in different conditions. It may be necessary from a broad renovation, reorganizing the internal structure, to more specific issues, such as changing a facade or classrooms.

It is important to highlight some points of attention, which are good opportunities for add value to projects. Check out!

building facade

Benches and trees are good elements to compose a school facade.

Facades must be eye-catching. When looking at it, anyone needs to identify that this is an environment linked to education, different from the houses and buildings around it.

The choice will depend on the culture of the organization, that is, the way of being of the educational institution. There are even more classical schools that still use old buildings, but also those that are more modern in contemporary buildings.

In general, evaluate the use of coatings, colors and illustrations on walls, gates and facades. A more colorful facade is important for the student to have an image of the school as a happy and welcoming environment, and not as a place to be “imprisoned” during the day.


A distraction-free, clean and well-finished environment complements the learning experience.

In school renovations, the classroom brings more neutral colors, as the attention must be on the activities that are carried out. However, it is important to pay attention to the whim with the details, which are physical evidence of quality in teaching.

Physical evidence is elements placed in the environment that make behind-the-scenes or difficult-to-understand services more concrete. The most common example is the hotel's folded toilet paper, which lets the guest know that the cleaning service has been carried out.

So when a classroom pays attention to detail — skirting boards, wheel ceiling and architraves, for example—this influences how parents perceive the quality of education. It is understood that this care with details is also taken with classes and other teaching activities.

director's room

A wooden cladding with a glass door is an elegant combination for the board room.

Management can also adopt a style classic or modern, depending on organizational culture. It is possible to use the same materials, finishes and coatings of the classrooms, giving uniformity to the prevailing style in the project.

In the administrative structure, pay attention to the functional issue. It is necessary to reconcile more reserved environments, places for group meetings and public service points.

Dining room and kitchen

The cafeteria needs to be well lit and easy to clean, combining this with relaxing decorative elements to provide comfort during the break.

The library, cafeteria and kitchen environments prioritize the welcome, comfort and functionality. However, they may have some specific differences, which must be considered in the renovation project.

The kitchen is a typical working environment. It is worthwhile, for example, to invest in aluminum baseboards, which are widely used in clinics and laboratories, due to easy cleaning.

In cafeterias, in turn, we can prioritize cold colors, as they are linked to reduce stress. After all, students come from a mental effort in the classroom.

Both the kitchen and the dining room must have baseboards and trim on the portals. These are environments that need to be seen as clean and organized, and the finishes bring this feature.


An environment that allows concentration in the library is ideal.

The library is an environment that has been changing over time. Today, people are looking for a more comfortable place, with spaces for studying and reading. To use puffs, armchairs, tables in a circle are increasingly common.

Regarding aesthetics, angles and slatted floors are good ways to make the environment more welcoming. In addition, next to the wainscoting on the walls, they can make the place more Quiet and suitable for study.

Court for sports practices

Multisport courts are a good time to bet on colors.

The sports courts are an environment where the student breaks the classroom routine. Thus, they can use more colors and objects, instead of betting on the neutral and clean the environments in which the classes take place.


Bathroom decor depends a lot on the age group of the students.

Bathrooms can use architectural solutions that make cleaning easier, such as aluminum baseboards. Prioritize materials with high resistance, as it is a place where students will be more reserved from the supervision of school professionals.


Like the court, the playground is also a great opportunity to invest in fun colors and shapes.

In basic education schools, the playground is a very common space for leisure and educational activities. Here, as on the courts, look for the contrast with the classroom style, getting out of the rut.

As said, the architectural project may vary according to the needs of the educational institution. However, these details, such as installing finishes, paying attention to the colors of the environment and bringing functional solutions, such as facilitating cleaning and maintenance, are good principles.

With this north, the school reform will positively impact the quality of life of students and professionals. In addition, it can bring new business opportunities to private schools. Therefore, they help architects add value to projects.

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